Fasting in Arabic is Siyaam.
Linguistically, siyaam means to abstain from something, such as abstaining from speaking. In the shareeah, it is a direct reference to abstaining from food, drink and legal sexual intercourse during the days of the month of Ramadhaan.
The Importance of Siyaam
Fasting is a source of self-restraint, piety and God-consciousness. It was prescribed by Allah for the prophets before Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). In the verses obligating the fast of the month of Ramadhaan, Allah has pointed out its goal or purpose:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said that fasting is a protection from the Hell-fire:
Furthermore, it will also come as an intercessor on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has said,
It is an act that demonstrates one’s sincerity to Allah. Only Allah is aware if a person truly fasted or not. No one can know if he secretly broke his fast. Therefore, Allah has a special reward for those who fast. This is stated in the following hadith qudsi, Allah has said,
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
Also important to note that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,